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The Construction of Femininity in a Postcolonial State: Girls Education in Singapore By Ee Moi Kho

She said reservations to Articles 2 and 16 were necessary, because the Constitution of Singapore required respect for cultural and national peculiarities of various groups of society. It was important to maintain the delicate balance in Singapore’s multicultural society.

Respondents did not receive any incentive to complete the survey and standard of care was not affected if they did not participate in the online survey. The electronic data were compiled and saved on a secured website that was password protected to access the data with no identifiable patient information available. COVID-19 may predispose pregnant women to higher risks of severe disease and poorer neonatal outcome. Psychological sequalae of this pandemic may pose a greater conundrum than its clinical aspects. It is currently unknown that how pregnant women cope with this global pandemic and its ramifications. The aims of the study are to understand the attitudes and precaution practices of non-infected pregnant women towards the COVID-19 outbreak in Singapore.

In Singapore, education was free, and funding was provided to community groups to help children from humble and disadvantaged homes. The question really must be whether meritocracy in Singapore had resulted in better opportunities for women. Indeed, statistics had shown that the gender gap was closing in many important areas, including with respect to wages. This is the first comprehensive study of the impact of girls’ education on their construction of their gender identity. This gender ideology that is reflected in the education policies and curricula for schoolgirls emphasized patriarchal values and upheld traditional feminine virtues such as gentleness, docility and submissiveness. At the same time education and curricular policies encouraged girls to study the ‘hard’ sciences, like the boys.

It is important to examine the state’s gender ideologies and how such ideologies are transmitted via the education system. Gender messages are embedded in the formal and informal school curricula and these play an important part in children’s construction of their gender identities. In Singapore, 0.1% of women aged 20–24 years old who were married or in a union before age 18. The adolescent birth rate is 2.1 per 1,000 women aged 15–19 as of 2019, down from 2.5 per 1,000 in 2018. We chose to perform an online survey as this is a rapid and convenient mode of administration. Limitations of our study include small sample size and lack of internal consistency of questions without validation. Despite our small sample size, the data collected likely representative of our local population as the two large public hospitals which make up more than half of the number of pregnancies and deliveries in Singapore.

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  • There were no restrictions on the right of Muslim women to travel or to hold their own passports.
  • At the same time education and curricular policies encouraged girls to study the ‘hard’ sciences, like the boys.
  • On 20 September 2020, a virtual dialogue session involving more than 100 participants from youth and women organizations was held.
  • She said Article 12 of the Constitution enshrined the principle of equality of all persons before the law and necessarily involved women in that approach.

As for criminal offences, Muslims were subject to the same penal regime as non-Muslims. As for the figures on the convictions of prostitutes or those who exploited them, they were not available at this point, the Committee was told. It was not the country’s general practice to prosecute prostitutes, unless they engaged in public solicitation. Regarding Article 29, she said that upon careful consideration and review, Singapore remained of the view that it was still necessary to retain its reservations regarding arbitrations. Like many other parties to the Convention, the country had entered a reservation to that provision, as was expressly permitted by Article 29 .

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The matter would continue to be discussed in the Parliament, in view of the changing social values http://domino.homepage.t-online.de/wordpress/?cat=1001 and realities. Another member of the Singapore delegation noted that several of the Committee’s experts had commented on the lack of specific provisions on gender discrimination in the country’s Constitution. She said Article 12 of the Constitution enshrined the principle of equality of all persons before the law and necessarily involved women in that approach. Women could make complaints about violations of their rights to the relevant authorities. There was also a variety of penal provisions, which protected the rights of women.

Singapore woman

The proportion of seats by women are the percentage of parliamentary seats in a single or lower chamber held by women. Aware, a gender equality advocacy group, said it was sorry to hear of the woman’s ordeal. “Women do not owe men their time or attention, much less their friendship, love, sexual activity or emotional labour,” it said. 5.c.1 Proportion of countries with systems to track and make public allocations for gender equality and women’s empowerment. A case series published by Chen et al. a tested amniotic fluid, cord blood, neonatal throat swabs and breast milk samples from COVID-19 infected mothers and all samples tested read more at https://asian-date.net/eastern-asia/singapore-women negative for the virus . Conversely, two reported cases of possible vertical transmission showed evidence of immunoglobulin M for SARS-CoV-2 in the neonatal serum . Hence, more https://mobilemonkey.com/blog/best-email-opening-lines data is needed about the risk of vertical transmission before definitive conclusions can be made.

Thus, establishing public awareness of COVID-19 using an online survey is easily achieved in a developed country like Singapore using information technology for disseminating and receiving information on social media. We reported the results from a rapid online cross-sectional survey related to COVID-19 among pregnant women attending antenatal clinics in Singapore.

The Government would continue to review the relevant policies and laws periodically, but those explained the various reservations it currently had to the Convention. A number of studies have focused on Singapore women’s lives and careers, including their struggle to maintain coherence in their roles as career women on the one hand, and wives, and mothers on the other.